St. Caritas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
St. Caritas
Caritas as seen from a fishing post.
Country 22px-Flag_of_Spain.svg.png Spain
Coordinates 17px-WMA_button2b.png 45°22′55″N 12°19′52″E
Terrain Island
Owner Autonomous entity
Status Open

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

St. Caritas is a small man-made island located between North America and Spain. It is counted as a municipality of Spain, with an autonomous government. Because of the way it was created, St. Caritas has no beach. It ends in a small shelf of mixed rocks on all sides.


The island was created as a shipping rest-stop in the early centuries, and then used as a look-out point during several wars, switching hands numerous times before eventually becoming autonomous in the late 1800s. Military towers were removed from the main land, and from the octagonal island off of the main land. One remained and was converted into a light-house.

In 1963, the main receiving building was damaged and remained so for 50 years, before being bought by an independent party and restored into a luxury hotel. The light-house was also damaged and has been reported as unreliable despite repairs.

It is currently known for both fishing and wine.


St. Caritas consists of two main lands, separated by a canal that is bridged once towards the center of both islands, and an octagonal structure off of the residential island which houses the light-house. The light-house is separated from the main grounds by a channel of water about 12-13 yards across. Only one of the islands is equipped to house locals. The other contains the vineyard, some abandoned farming land, and a stretch of forestry.

At any time, there are approximately 170 people on St. Caritas, who were born and raised on the island. Many commute the two hour plus boat ride to a larger land mass to work, while others commute into the island to study its properties or work the vineyards. Others are fishermen who leave early in the morning to begin their day.


Due to St. Caritas' size and properties, as a man-made island, much of what the islander's need day-to-day has to be imported in. Anyone attending school must also leave early in the morning to make it to another shore, as the island does not have its own schoolhouse.

Boasting a mix of Spanish, French, American, and Italian heritage, the islanders of St. Caritas do not identify as any particular government or religion, despite that the receiving building may have once held a chapel. A sheriff's station serves as local law enforcement, and any large decisions are made by council, attesting to the very small population.


1. ^ a b National Geographic: Man-made Islands

External links

Categories: Islands of the Balearic Islands | Man-made Islands

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